10+ ‘rpm’ command usages with examples – Unix/Linux

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RPM – Red Hat Package Manager.
RPM is the package manager for Linux system. The ‘rpm’ command is used to install, manage, uninstall packages from server/system. Here I am explaining some common usages of the ‘rpm’ command with example:

1, How to list all packages installed on the server?

# rpm -qa

Example:

[root@localhost]# rpm -qa
xorg-x11-drv-trident-1.3.6-4.el6.x86_64
m17n-contrib-assamese-1.1.10-4.el6_1.1.noarch
wqy-zenhei-fonts-0.9.45-3.el6.noarch
startup-notification-0.10-2.1.el6.x86_64
xml-common-0.6.3-32.el6.noarch
xorg-x11-drv-rendition-4.2.5-2.el6.x86_64
m17n-contrib-hindi-1.1.10-4.el6_1.1.noarch
paktype-tehreer-fonts-2.0-8.el6.noarch
ibus-libs-1.3.4-6.el6.x86_64
mozilla-filesystem-1.9-5.1.el6.x86_64
............
............

2, Find the total number of installed packages ?

[root@localhost]# rpm -qa|wc -l
1094

3, How to find a package is installed or not ?

# rpm -qa|grep -i "package-name"

Example:

[root@localhost]# rpm -qa|grep -i mozilla
mozilla-filesystem-1.9-5.1.el6.x86_64

4, Find all the information regarding the package ?

# rpm -qi package-name

Example:

[root@localhost]# rpm -qi mozilla-filesystem-1.9-5.1.el6.x86_64
Name        : mozilla-filesystem           Relocations: (not relocatable)
Version     : 1.9                               Vendor: CentOS
Release     : 5.1.el6                       Build Date: Wed 18 Aug 2010 09:14:21 PM IST
Install Date: Thu 28 Mar 2013 01:37:47 PM IST      Build Host: c6b3.bsys.dev.centos.org
Group       : Applications/Internet         Source RPM: mozilla-filesystem-1.9-5.1.el6.src.rpm
Size        : 0                                License: MPLv1.1
Signature   : RSA/8, Sun 03 Jul 2011 10:15:46 AM IST, Key ID 0946fca2c105b9de
Packager    : CentOS BuildSystem <http://bugs.centos.org>
Summary     : Mozilla filesytem layout
Description :
This package provides some directories required by packages which use
Mozilla technologies such as NPAPI plugins or toolkit extensions.

5, How to find the parent package details of a command ?
Example: To fing the package name of the ‘ls’ command.

# rpm -qf /path/to/command

Example:

[root@localhost]# which ls
alias ls='ls --color=auto'
	/bin/ls
----
[root@localhost]# rpm -qf /bin/ls
coreutils-8.4-19.el6.x86_64

6, How to list all commands or contens from a package ?

# rpm -ql package-name

Example:

[root@localhost TAR]# rpm -ql coreutils-8.4-19.el6.x86_64
/bin/arch
/bin/basename
/bin/cat
/bin/chgrp
/bin/chmod
/bin/chown
/bin/cp
/bin/cut
/bin/date
/bin/dd
/bin/df
/bin/echo
.........
.........
.........

7, How to install a package using rpm command ?
The rpm command with ‘-i’ switch is used to install a package on server.
Syntax:

# rpm -ivh package-name

Where;

-i : install a package
-v : verbose
-h : print hash marks as the package archive is unpacked.

Example:

# rpm -ivh  MySQL-client-3.23.57-1.i386.rpm
Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
   1:MySQL-client           ########################################### [100%]

8, How to upgrade a package using rpm command ?
You can upgrade the already installed package by using the switch ‘-U’
Syntax:

# rpm -Uvh package-name

Example:

# rpm -Uvh MySQL-client-3.23.57-1.i386.rpm
Preparing... 			########################################### [100%]
1:MySQL-client          ################################################### [100%]

9, How to remove a package using rpm command ? Use the switch ‘-e’ to erase package from server. Syntax:

# rpm -ev package-name

10, Verify a Package Owning file using rpm -Vf

The following command verify the package which owns the given filename.

# rpm -Vf /usr/bin/mysqlaccess
S.5....T c /usr/bin/mysql
#

11, Find out the state of files in a package using rpm -qsp
The three states are:

installed 
replaced 
normal

The following command is to find state for all the files in a RPM package.

# rpm -qsp MySQL-client-3.23.57-1.i386.rpm
normal        /usr/bin/msql2mysql
normal        /usr/bin/mysql
normal        /usr/bin/mysql_find_rows
normal        /usr/bin/mysqlaccess
normal        /usr/bin/mysqladmin
normal        /usr/bin/mysqlbinlog
normal        /usr/bin/mysqlcheck
...........
...........

12, List the Dependency of Packages.

To view the list of packages on which this package depends, use -qRP with rpm command.
Example:

# rpm -qRp MySQL-client-3.23.57-1.i386.rpm
/bin/sh
/usr/bin/perl

13, –nodeps
This switch along with rpm command will install the package forcefully by avoiding its dependencies.

Other useful commands:
groupdel, groupmems, groupmod, useradd , usermod , chgrp, chown, ls, head, tail, top, ps, find, crontab, ftp commands, tar

Myself Arunlal, working as an administrator for both Linux and Windows servers. I am interested in Blogging, learning new things and technologies etc. I'm posting some interesting technical stuffs from my working experience. Let me know your suggestions as comment.

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