How to disable SSH login as root user – PermitRootLogin

PermitRootLogin – is an important directive in SSH configuration file to control the ssh login as root user. It is useful to protect the server from others by disabling the root user from SSH. In this method, you can assign SSH authentication to a user in your server and you can change to root after establishing a connection as user.

How to check root-login is enabled or not?
Execute the command below for checking the same from command line:

# grep PermitRootLogin /etc/ssh/sshd_config

Example:

[[email protected] ~]# grep PermitRootLogin /etc/ssh/sshd_config
#PermitRootLogin no 
# the setting of "PermitRootLogin without-password".

By-default the root login is enabled in SSH conf file. You can disable it by editing the SSH conf file:

[[email protected] ~]# vim /etc/ssh/sshd_config
-----
PermitRootLogin no
-----

Then restart the SSH daemon:

[[email protected] ~]# /etc/init.d/sshd restart

That’s it 🙂

Try to SSH as root, see the sample output below:

[[email protected] ~]# ssh localhost
:::Hai, Welcome to crybit's SSH:::
[email protected]'s password: (root password)
Permission denied, please try again.

You can SSH to server as a user, see the example below:

[[email protected] ~]# ssh [email protected]
:::Hai, Welcome to crybit's SSH:::
[email protected]'s password: (crybit's password)
Last login: Fri Jan 31 15:22:55 2014 from localhost
[[email protected] ~]$ 
[[email protected] ~]$ 

Thanks 🙂

Related Links:
How to manage SSH permission for custom users under your server
How to create a banner/welcome-note for SSH server
/etc/hosts.allow
/etc/hosts.deny

Arunlal Ashok

Linux Server Administrator. I'm dealing with Linux servers since 2012. I started this blog to share and discuss my ideas with the world. Check My Profile!! in uPwork (oDesk) and let me know if you need any assistance. Thanks!!

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